Grammys 2019: What to Watch For

• The Grammy Awards, hosted by Alicia Keys, start at 8 p.m. Eastern on CBS.

• See the full list of early winners and the red carpet looks.

• Kendrick Lamar leads the nominees, and women dominate major categories.

• Jon Pareles: Can the Grammys escape the past?

• Snubs and surprises in this year’s nominations.

LOS ANGELES — The organizers of the Grammy Awards call it music’s biggest night.

The show’s three and a half hours of network television time certainly represents the music industry’s highest-profile media real estate. This year the top awards will feel a little bigger as well, with the slate of nominees extended to eight from five.

But as the 61st annual ceremony arrives, the Grammys are struggling more than ever to remain relevant in a rapidly evolving pop scene, and to meet demands for more equitable gender representation. Last year just one woman accepted a solo award during the broadcast, and public uproar after a remark backstage by the head of the Recording Academy that women in music should “step up” to advance their careers led to the establishment of a task force examining how the institution works.

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To no one’s surprise, women are well represented among the nominees this year. Lady Gaga, Cardi B, Maren Morris and Kacey Musgraves will all compete in the most important categories, facing artists including Drake, Kendrick Lamar, Post Malone and Childish Gambino. And the performers include music greats like Dolly Parton and Diana Ross and rising stars like Camila Cabello, Dua Lipa and H.E.R.

But it wouldn’t be the Grammys without at least one dark-horse nominee. That spot belongs to Brandi Carlile, a critically respected singer-songwriter in an Americana-meets-alt-country idiom whose album “By the Way, I Forgive You,” while reaching No. 5 on Billboard’s chart, had far less impact on the culture than, say, Childish Gambino’s “This Is America,” or virtually any track on Drake’s blockbuster album “Scorpion.”

Will women make a big showing among the winners? Will Lamar finally win album of the year, after being shut out three times? (And if so, will he show up?) Will Carlile be this year’s Herbie Hancock? Here are some of the topics we will be watching.

Will the Grammys solve their hip-hop problem?

The academy, the organization behind the Grammys, knows that it will be scrutinized for how the show rewards women, and so it has already taken steps to diversify its ranks.

But the voters can have their own agendas, and the factionalism of the industry — Nashville versus the coasts; hip-hop versus rock’s old guard — can have surprising effects on the final tallies. If the big winners turn out to be men, will it be seen as a failure, or just a problem that needs more time to be solved?

The Grammys’ spotty recognition of hip-hop remains a major issue, one that has strained its relations with the very artists the organization needs to draw in younger viewers and remain credible. Stars like Jay-Z, Kanye West and Kendrick Lamar have racked up dozens of Grammys between them, but none in the top categories, and Drake has openly mocked the awards for misclassifying rap-free songs of his as rap. One result: many stars of hip-hop and R&B simply skip the show.

“The fact of the matter is, we continue to have a problem in the hip-hop world,” said Ken Ehrlich, the longtime producer of the Grammys telecast.

This year, Drake and Lamar — perhaps the two most vital young stars in hip-hop — face off in album, record and song of the year. A win for one of them will be seen as a win for hip-hop. But if neither wins, it will just further erode the relationship between the Grammys and the hip-hop world.

Performers onstage, but plenty of them off

Only about 10 awards will be given out during the show. (The others, more than 70, are awarded in a bare-bones, nontelevised ceremony during the afternoon.) The rest of the time is taken up by performances — nearly 20 of them.

Among the announced highlights are an appearance by Dolly Parton, with a tribute to her by Katy Perry, Morris and Musgraves; an Aretha Franklin tribute with Andra Day, Fantasia and the gospel star Yolanda Adams; an opening number with Camila Cabello, featuring Ricky Martin, J Balvin, Arturo Sandoval and Young Thug; Post Malone with the Red Hot Chili Peppers; and a 75th-birthday appearance by Diana Ross. Cardi B, Lady Gaga, Shawn Mendes, Travis Scott and Janelle Monáe will also appear.

[Here’s what to look for on the Grammys red carpet.]

But the show may be just as defined by who does not appear. Drake, Lamar and Childish Gambino were invited to perform but declined; it was unclear whether they would show up at all. Ariana Grande, in a rare public rebuke of the Grammys’ producers, said she refused to perform because her “creativity & self expression was stifled” by them.

Taylor Swift is in London shooting “Cats.” Bradley Cooper is also there, for the Baftas, the British film awards. Other stars, like Justin Timberlake and Ed Sheeran, were once willing performers but haven’t come since failing to be nominated for top awards; Frank Ocean disavowed the process as out-of-date and irrelevant.

Alicia Keys steps into the hosting spotlight

One star who will certainly be there, however, is Alicia Keys, this year’s host. A 15-time Grammy winner, she is also an outspoken advocate for women in music; last year, she helped found an organization, She Is the Music, that is working to promote female producers and engineers — behind-the-scenes studio jobs that have long been overwhelmingly held by men.

At the Grammys, the job of host has typically been a small one. The previous host, James Corden, took the role expecting to be on camera for only about 15 minutes. But Ms. Keys’s involvement carries symbolic weight, and given her interests, some campaigning on her part would not be surprising.

“Celebrating so many amazing nominees, particularly women nominees,” she told The Associated Press, “is so incredibly magnificent and so many are my friends.”

[Here’s the full list of Grammys winners.]

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