Stitch in time: Rwanda's designers create a bright future
The story of the fashion scene in Rwanda today is a story of hope. In a country often defined by its horrific genocide in 1994, when an estimated 800,000 people – mostly ethnic Tutsi men, women and children – were killed in 100 days, a new generation of designers wants to create a future where their African nation is known for producing stylish clothes and accessories and not only its dark, traumatising past.
The government is priming these designers for success through an initiative called Made in Rwanda, aimed at supporting the production of local goods and limiting imports. Sending Rwandan designers abroad to participate in trade shows and not taxing them to import fabrics and other materials they need for their designs are two examples of the help Made in Rwanda offers.
Rwanda Clothing founder Joselyne Umutoniwase: “Rwandans like dressing up.”Credit:Jacques Nkinzingabo for The New York Times
In the Rwandan capital of Kigali, a city of verdant hillsides and 1.1 million people, lives Daniel Ndayishimiye, who, in 2016, established Fashion Hub Kigali, a non-government organisation that's also supporting designers. Fashion Hub helps more than 100 designers in Rwanda by offering them training and access to tools such as pattern cutters and sewing machines. Ndayishimiye's father and brother were killed in the genocide, but he says he has every reason to look ahead, not back.
"I have a purpose," he says. "I want Rwandans to be proud of donning designs by fellow Rwandans." Ndayishimiye grew up with aspirations of being a fashion photographer but says there was no fashion in Rwanda to shoot. "Fashion was non-existent, but today, there are designers all over Kigali, and throughout the country," he says.
Driving around Kigali with him, our first stop is to see clothing and jewellery designer Muhire Patrick at his atelier, in the industrial neighbourhood of Gikondo. Patrick's foray into the business was unplanned: when his sister was getting married in 2009, he couldn't find anything he wanted to wear for the celebrations. "I went to every possible store in Kigali, and then one day, on a whim, I decided to create the outfits I envisioned," he says.
Friends and family at the wedding complimented his modern look infused with Rwandan touches such as colourful patterns and asked Patrick if he would make pieces for them, too. When the inquiries kept pouring in, he launched his label, Inkanda House. Patrick, along with a small team of women, hand-stitch the clothes – a mix of casual and formal – at the atelier, and while visitors are encouraged to peruse the racks hanging with finished pieces, they can also place custom-made orders.
Jewellery designer Muhire Patrick.Credit:Jacques Nkinzingabo for The New York Times
But adults aren't the only market Rwandan designers are seeking: Ndayishimiye also takes me to meet the children's clothing designer Priscilla Ruzibuka at her store Ki-Pepeo Kids, in the residential area of Kimironko. Ruzibuka launched her label in 2016, a year after graduating from Oklahoma Christian University. She was intent on finding a way to help women affected by the genocide. "These women typically worked as maids, and I wanted to offer them more opportunity," she says. Eventually, she decided to make children's clothes and employ only underprivileged women for the business. Ki-Pepeo Kids currently has four female employees, who help stitch the line's casual pieces that incorporate typical Rwandan patterns such as animal prints and zebra stripes.
Priscilla Ruzibuka, founder of Ki-Pepeo children’s clothing.Credit:Jacques Nkinzingabo for The New York Times
The brand has had a strong start: in early 2017, Ruzibuka received a $US10,000 (about $14,000) grant from the United States Agency for International Development and used part of the money to buy electric sewing machines. Also in 2017, the Rwandan Government, as part of the Made in Rwanda initiative, paid for her to attend the children's clothing trade show, Children's Club, in New York. "The show was incredible exposure for me, and since then I've gotten orders for clothes from abroad," Ruzibuka says. Rwanda's pool of fashion designers, who are in their 20s to their 40s, extends beyond the Fashion Hub. Joselyne Umutoniwase, the founder of the fashion brand Rwanda Clothing, for example, is renowned in the country for her stylish cuts with African-inspired patterns for both genders, which she describes as "modern African".
Rwanda Clothing’s “modern African” designs.Credit:Jacques Nkinzingabo for The New York Times
When I visited Umutoniwase at her sprawling three-room store in the heart of Kigali, she tells me local residents have recently started to appreciate fashion. "Rwandans like to dress up and are getting into wearing the latest styles," she says. This newfound interest is the reason that Umutoniwase hosts two fashion shows a year for her brand at various locations around Kigali. These "parties," as she calls them, are a chance for fashion-conscious Rwandans to have a fun night out and socialise with each other.
Kigali is also home to at least two other fashion events, including Kigali Fashion Week, which began as a small endeavour in 2012, with 10 designers exhibiting their styles, but now has more than 30 participants. Two years ago, seven Kigali designers banded together to form CollectiveRw, and regularly host pop-up stores around town as well as an annual fashion show, where the price for a ticket starts at about $25. The collective's second show, in June 2017 at Kigali Exhibition and Conference Village, had more than 800 attendees.
Teta Isibo, the founder of the jewellery and homewares brand Inzuki Designs, is one of the collective's members. She says the group wants to push Rwandan fashion on both a local and international scale. Isibo's bold and colourful trinkets are already sold at a handful of retailers in the US, including the gift store at Chicago's Field Museum, but she dreams of a bigger presence all over the world.
Teta Isibo, of Inzuki Designs.Credit:Jacques Nkinzingabo for The New York Times
"I'm part of a lucky generation of young Rwandans who have the opportunity to create our own reality and not feel held back because of the genocide," she says. "I see a future for us that's bright, and one where fashion thrives."
This is an edited version of a story first published in The New York Times. © 2018 The New York Times.
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